Q about Chinese and other languages that don’t use alphabets but have shapes representing whole words. Suppose a new word comes into the language. Who gets to decide how it should be written? And how does a person encountering a new word (whether recently invented or simply not previously encountered) figure out how it is pronounced?
I am (vaguely) aware that the shapes used are not randomly constructed, and may be combinations of other pre-existing shapes that have known meanings. Still, it seems like it would be hard to figure out.