China Guy said:
when counting months, you say “yong getsu” or 4th month for April and “nana getsu” for the 7th month or July.
Actually, you don’t. April is “Shigatsu” and July is “Shichigatsu”.
But Japanese counting IS weird. If you want to say “four months” you have to say “yon ka getsu” and if you want to say “seven months” you have to say “nana ka getsu”.
And if you count up from one to ten you say
but if you count backwards from ten, you say
Also numbers change their names and shapes according to what you are counting. The basic counting of “things” goes
But if you are counting specific things then the counter changes according to the things’ shape.
So one penicil is Ippon
One sheet of paper is Ichimai
One cow is Ittou (big animals)
One hamster is Ippiki
One bird (and rabbits - eh??) is Ichiwa
One piece of land is Hitokake
One person is Hitori
One cake (small thing) is Ikko
and so on and so on.
For little kids here, counting is a nightmare! (and me.)
My six year old first grader was writing example sentences for his characters, and he wanted to write “there were 8 ghosts” He came to me and asked how you count ghosts.
“Nin” (counter for people) I said, but he didn’t like that because they are not people.
“Piki” (for animals) But it’s not an animal!
“Ko” (For things) But it’s not a thing, you can’t touch it!
At that point I got fed up and asked him what he would say. In the end he made his own counter and wrote, “Yurei wa hachi yuu
ga imasu” Yurei is ghost, and he invented his own counter, Yuu, just for them. The teacher hasn’t marked it yet so I can’t tell you what the proper counter for ghosts is…