Two things from the start. One, I know good and well that all of the news organizations have their bias, and that they all from time to time seem to miss key facts in their reporting. Second, I’m writing this as someone who used to watch FOX to avoid the other channels’ liberal bias. Suffice it to say, I could disagree with that view more now.
My personal opinion (one that I bet more than a few people share) is not the issue of this thread. I don’t want people to start debating whether or not FOX is a network of lies because they said this or that. I want to know if there have been media studies that show, for example, that FOX viewers have a skewed view of certain issues. I want research that both liberals and conservatives can look at and see solid evidence that FOX isn’t necessarily “Fair and Balanced.”
For example, I remember in 2003 there was a study that showed a considerable number of Americans still believed in 3 misconceptions about the war in Iraq:
And, among networks, FOX was well out in front when it came to the number of viewers who held at least one of those misconceptions (80%). Among viewers of CNN, on the other hand, 55% maintained one or more of the misconceptions. Only 23% of NPR listeners held one or more of the misconceptions.
Are there other studies like this that take issues and compare network viewerships’ knowledge of the issues? For instance, have there been studies that take both present presidential candidates and look at the falsehoods different network viewers still believe (e.g. Obama is a Muslim or McCain wants to invade Spain)?
Also, if you want to present studies that might shed light on CNN or MSNBC in the same way, I’m open to it.