1211.100 Title 14 - Aeronautics and Space Part 1211 - Extra-terrestrial
1211 100 - Scope
This part establishes:
(a) NASA policy, responsibility and authority to guard the Earth against
any harmful contamination or adverse changes in its environment
resulting from personnel, spacecraft and other property returning to
the Earth after landing on or coming within the atmospheric envelope of
a celestial body; and
(b) security requirements, restrictions and safeguards that are
necessary in the interest of national security.
1211.101 - Applicability
The provisions of this part to all NASA manned and unmanned space
missions which land or come within the atmospheric envelope of a
celestial body and return to the Earth.
1211.102 - Definitions
(a) “NASA” and the “Administrator” mean, respectively the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration and the administrator of the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration or his authorized
(b) “Extra-terrestrially exposed” means the state of condition of any
person, property, animal or other form of life or matter whatever,
who or which has:
(1) Touched directly or come within the atmospheric envelope or any
other celestial body; or
(2) Touched directly or been in close proximity to (or been exposed
indirectly to) any person, property, animal or other form of
life or matter who or which has been extra-terrestrially exposed
by virtue of paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
For example, if person or thing “A” touches the surface of the
Moon, and on “A’s” return to Earth, “B” touches “A” and,
subsequently, “C” touches “B”, all of these - “A” trough “C”
inclusive - would be extra-terrestrially exposed (“A” and “B”
directly; “C” indirectly).
© “Quarantine” means the detention, examination and decontamination
of any persons, property, animal or other form of life or matter
whatever that is extra-terrestrially exposed, and includes the
apprehension or seizure of such person, property, animal or other
form of life or matter whatever.
(d) “Quarantine period” means a period of consecutive calendar days as
may be established in accordance with 1211.104 (a).
(a) Administrative actions. The Administrator or his designee…shall
in his discretion:
(1) Determine the beginning and duration of a quarantine period
with respect to any space mission; the quarantine period as
it applies to various life forms will be announced.
(2) Designate in writing quarantine officers to exercise quarantine
(3) Determine that a particular person, property, animal, or
other form of life or matter whatever is extra-terrestrially
exposed and quarantine such person, property, animal, or other
form of life or matter whatever. The quarantine may be based
only on a determination, with or without the benefit of a
hearing, that there is probable cause to believe that such
person, property, animal or other form of life or matter whatever
is extra-terrestrially exposed.
(4) Determine within the United States or within vessels or vehicles
of the United States the place, boundaries, and rules of
operation of necessary quarantine stations.
(5) Provide for guard services by contract or otherwise, as many be
necessary, to maintain security and inviolability of quarantine
stations and quarantined persons, property, animals or other form
of life or matter whatever.
(6) Provide for the subsistence, health and welfare of persons
quarantined under the provisions of this part.
(7) Hold such hearings at such times, in such manner and for such
purposes as may be desirable or necessary under this part,
including hearings for the purpose of creating a record for use
in making any determination under this part for the purpose of
reviewing any such determination.
(b) (3) During any period of announced quarantine, no person shall
enter or depart from the limits of the quarantine station
without permission of the cognizant NASA officer. During
such period, the posted perimeter of a quarantine station
shall be secured by armed guard.
(b) (4) Any person who enters the limits of any quarantine station
during the quarantine period shall be deemed to have
consented to the quarantine of his person if it is determined
that he is or has become extra-terrestrially exposed.
(b) (5) At the earliest practicable time, each person who is
quarantined by NASA shall be given a reasonable opportunity
to communicate by telephone with legal counsel or other
persons of his choice.
1211.107 Court or other process
(a) NASA officers and employees are prohibited from discharging from
the limits of a quarantine station any quarantined person,
property, animal or other form of life or matter whatever during
order or other request, order or demand an announced quarantine
period in compliance with a subpoena, show cause or any court or
other authority without the prior approval of the General Counsel
and the Administrator.
(b) Where approval to discharge a quarantined person, property, animal
or other form of life or matter whatever in compliance with such a
request, order or demand of any court or other authority is not
given, the person to whom it is directed shall, if possible, appear
in court or before the other authority and respectfully state his
inability to comply, relying for his action on this 1211.107.
Whoever willfully violates, attempts to violate, or conspires to
violate any provision of this part or any regulation or order issued
under this part or who enters or departs from the limits of a quarantine
station in disregard of the quarantine rules or regulations or without
permission of the NASA quarantine officer shall be fined not more that
$5,000 or imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both.