I am looking for information, both statistical and anecdotal, on citizens of first-world nations who seek and are granted asylum protection by other countries. I am aware of only one well-publicized case, namely that of Lee Harvey Oswald. Oswald, an American citizen, entered the USSR on a tourist visa where he petitioned the authorities for protection on vaguely political grounds. His request was initially denied, but he persuaded the authorities to change their mind by promising them military secrets, and by a spectacular yet unsuccessful suicide attempt to let them know he was serious about not wanting to return.
Does anyone know of any other cases where a natural-born citizen of Canada, Australia, America, etc. was granted political asylum by another country? I’m not so much interested in cases where the asylum seeker is a spy or military officer offering to defect, but rather in cases where the seeker genuinely believes herself to be the target of persecution by her home country because of her race, religion, political beliefs, or social affiliation. For example, has Canada ever granted asylum to American draftees who refused to enlist because of a political objection to military service? (According to the Selective Service, political beliefs are not grounds for classification as a conscientious objector, whereas according to the Geneva Convention, political beliefs can indeed form the basis of an application for asylum.)