Lungs Vs. Stomach

Here’s one on behalf of my 7 year old nephew: “When you suck in through a straw, the air goes into your lungs. When you suck liquid through a straw, it goes into your stomach. Why doesn’t the liquid go into your lungs? (Or the air in your stomach)” Remember, Keep it simple and keep it clean…he’s only 7 years old.


With God as my witness, I thought turkey’s could fly.

There’s this thing called the epiglottis. You can call it the “little trap door” to make it easier to comprehend.


Uke

There is a “valve” (actually a flap of cartilidge) called the epiglottis which is located where the esogophaus (which leads the the stomach) and the glottis (which leads to the lungs) separate. When you swallow, the epiglottis covers the passage to the lungs and when you breath it covers the passage to the stomach. (Warning, I probably misspelled half the terms here)

Think of it as being two hallways with only one door. If the door to one hallway is shut the other hallway is open, but only one hallway can be open at a time.


“Drink your coffee! Remember, there are people sleeping in China.”

Dennis Matheson — dennis@mountaindiver.com
Hike, Dive, Ski, Climb — www.mountaindiver.com

Or, to put it even more simply, when you suck in water, you only suck it into your mouth and then swallow; when you suck air you suck straight into the lungs.

Comments about the “little trap door” are accurate, but there’s an entirely different principle at work here. Namely, that the sucking motion created in drawing air into your lungs and the sucking motion created to draw liquid into your mouth are entirely different.

When you suck in air through a straw, your diaphragm is contracting and bowing towards your feet. This creates a partial vacuum in your lungs into which air flows.

When you suck in liquid through a straw, you are again creating a partial vacuum, but this time with an entirely different part of your body. The liquid sucking action is created by drawing your tongue into the back of your mouth. This creates a partial vacuum in your mouth into which liquid flows. At this point you then swallow, which is where the epiglottis comes into play.

To prove to your nephew that that the liquid sucking motion is entirely divorced of his lungs, have him do these two simple experiments:

  1. Have him suck liquid through a straw while he holds him breath. Or better yet, have him suck liquid into his mouth while he blows air out his nose. Piece of cake, right?

  2. Have him put a straw in his mouth and stick his tongue way out underneath the straw. Have him make a tight seal around the straw (this will be difficult with his tongue hanging out, but possible. Barely.) and have him grab hold of his tongue tightly. Now have him suck some liquid. He will feel his tongue trying to pull back into his mouth to create the sucking motion.

See? Lung sucking and mouth sucking are two entirely different things! Next week on “Fun With Your Body,” we’ll learn how, if muscles only contract, it’s possible to stick your tongue out!

~ Complacency is far more dangerous than outrage ~

Tell him it’s done with mirrors.


The only way to rid yourself of temptation is to yield to it–Oscar Wilde

And whatever you do, don’t confuse the little guy with Cecil’s explanation as to how one sucks spaghetti:

http://www.straightdope.com/columns/970214.html

and

http://www.straightdope.com/columns/970314.html

STARK–Hah! I had the tongue question years ago in human anatomy. But since most of the class got it wrong, I’ll let the SDers work it out for themselves. :wink: