Here’s a fine thread on the subject. It doesn’t quite get at my question, which is:
With both states and the Federal government funding the National Guard (the latter being a much larger funding source than the former), how is the burden divided?
Is there some sort of matching-fund system where for every dollar Congress provides, the states have to provide a dime?
Or are states required to pay for certain activities? Training to fight fires, parties for the adjutant, some fraction of salaries…?
Could a state just up and reduce the amount it spends on its military department or would the US Secretary of Defense or someone have to approve this? If it increased the amount it spent could it spend the extra on anything it wanted?