I base the resolution on a few data points from my own workplace history.
One, I cannot think of a single instance in which I, or any co-worker, was fired, or denied promotion, or treated worse, because of race, sex, national origin, or any other protected-class status. The closest I might be able to come is a couple of guys who I’ve seen let go for having bad writing and communication skills, which may have been exacerbated by their thick Russian accents (but I suspect having an unintelligible accent is not a protected-class category, anyhow, as ability to communicate is a legitimate workplace criterion). I am sure the argument would be that we/I are all so institutionally racist/sexist/whateverist that we’re blind to discriminatory conduct when it’s right in front of our eyes. But it just doesn’t jibe. If I fire someone, I have to spend considerable time searching for and training his/her replacement. This is a part of my job that I absolutely hate. Why would I or my company go out of our way to do this just to gratify some racist or sexist biases? I also like making money, and chasing away or not promoting highly-qualified subordinates sounds like a good way to keep my salary from going up, which I don’t like.
Second: when I/we have fired or denied promotion to anyone (and I’ll note for the record that my own firings have disproportionately been of white men), there has been a universal consensus (not just among management, but among their rank and file peers) that they were screw-ups, and if anything, should have been let go long ago.
But most important to my premise: if you really were such a highly-qualified, high-achieving, star employee, but management or some individual bigot decided to sabotage your career: why wouldn’t you just go get another job? Unless every single company in the world is run by bigots, presumably, you’d be at work on the new job within days, so where would your damages be? I know anti-discrimination laws are also meant to serve exemplary and punitive purposes, but shouldn’t the gist of them be recovering lost income, and how could a truly highly qualified person ever lose much income from irrational prejudice at a given job, when there are plenty of other jobs at which his/her talents could shine?