On National Geographic Explorer this weekend, they did a bit with a skydiver who trained a falcon to jump with him, in an effort to determine the falcon’s top speed in a dive.
Anyway, on one of their bumpers to commercial, they claimed that a skydiver can’t breathe during freefall. They said it wasn’t necessary anyway, because the skin will absorb enough oxygen from the air. Furthermore, they claimed that the reason skydivers don’t jump on cloudy days is that the condensation on their skin would suffocate them.
This sounds like total B.S. to me. It sounds a lot like the Goldfinger “painted skin” myth. I imagine not jumping on cloudy days has more to do with seeing the ground than suffocation. Plus I know what water drops feel like on a motorcycle at 65 mph, they probably pack quite a sting at 120 mph. Any skydivers care to confirm/deny/comment?
(although if they are jumping from really high up, they can’t breathe and would have to wear special apparatus; does anyone know if they ever jump from just above the altitude where normal breathing is possible and just hold their breath until they fall into breathable atmosphere? (sounds exceptionally risky due to the risk of blacking out and not being able to pull the cord, unless your chute is deployed automatically at a certain altitude)
I have real trouble believing that National Geographic would put out such crap. Are you sure that’s where you saw it, and not a “factoid” piece produced by some idiot, and aired by the station alongside the NG show?
OTOH, the “Goldfinger” painted skin thing is essentially TRUE. Your body must sweat for temperature regulation, and having all your pores sealed could kill you.
I would imagine so (I have travelled at over half that speed in the rain on a motorbike and it hurt a little then, but raindrops aren’t pointy (that’s the myth part); also the raindrops are falling too, so you aren’t hitting them at your descent velocity.
LOL. That would really suck. You couldn’t even react as you would on the ground if you got hit with something. i.e. grabbing at the spot that hurts. You’d mess up your stable freefall and go all wonky. Besides you’d be grabbing at almost everything. Maybe it would be best to just curl up and wait to be through the cloud and resume a stable position. Although the general rule is no falling through clouds.
Terminal velocity for a person is about 120mph in a stable position. i.e. the tummy down, arms and legs spread out. I think it’s about 180-200mph if you dive.
Rain varies greatly as explained here. I’m not feeling particularly math capable right now so I can’t do the m/s to mph conversion for you.
I don’t know about frogs and hail.
As an aside the cloud I fell through the edge of looked nice and soft and fluffy from above. It was a beautifull day with just a few of those puffy clouds floating around. They aren’t so fluffy as they would have you believe.
It was definitely National Geographic Explorer, on MSNBC. Here’s a link to the episode in question, though they don’t mention this factoid on the page (it’s just an episode summary, really). The bumper was presumably produced by them, as it was narrated by the same guy that narrates the show (I forget his name), the visual and audio styles blended together in a way that looks like they were produced together, and it was the usual type of question-answer bumper they use to keep you through the commercial break.
Yep, if National Geographic said that stuff, they are full of it.
I’ve done many jumps with freefall over 60 seconds. That is a pretty long time to hold your breath. Many people could do that, but it would be a long time for many others. I never had any problems breathing while in freefall. Some people report a bit of their breath catching in their throat from the high speed wind, but they get used to it after a few jumps usually. Many people have experienced this as kids sticking their head out the car window. If you stay out there, you figure out how to breath just fine.
You are not supposed to “punch clouds” while skydiving. It is a safety issue, as you cannot see hazards (like aircraft) below you. It is pretty easy to avoid collisions (even during freefall) if you know something is below you. All that said, most everyone has punched a cloud sometime or another. It doesn’t hurt, or affect your breathing, it is just humid and moist feeling.
I have hit some rain in freefall. Not very pleasent, but not dangerous either. I did it jumping in shorts, t-shirt and sandals. (Which is how I liked to jump anyway) Plenty of stinging on the face, arms and legs, but no damage.
120 mph is at the high end of what people fall at in a stable position. 110-115 is more typical. I am pretty lanky and tend to fall at about 108mph. (One of the reasons I like to jump in shorts and t-shirt, I fall a bit faster and can “stay down” with other jumpers more easily.) Going into a head or feet down position (which takes a good bit of practice to stay balanced in, kind of like riding a bike or unicycle for example) will easily take your speed to above 200mph. One note, be sure to get back to belly down long enough before deploying your parachute to get your speed back down to a more normal speed. Opening a parachute above 135 mph or so can be pretty unpleasent if not dangerous.
As to oxygen, it is very common to jump from up to 15,000 without any type of supplemental oxygen. The planes that you past say 12,500 feet are usually pretty high performance and get you that last 2 or 3k feet pretty quick, so there isn’t really any issues with hypoxia. Going to 18k feet, it is usually a good idea to be on oxygen during the plane ride. That will keep the blood oxygen level high. You remove the oxygen shortly before you jump. You will have plenty of oxygen in the blood to get you safely to a lower altitude during freefall. This technique of wearing oxygen in the plane works well to about 23k feet. At 23k feet a person has about 4 minutes of unimpaired conciousness. You can safely take the mask off a full minute before actually jumping, fall for 50 or so seconds and be back below 15k with no problems. The highest jump I have personally made is from 18.5k feet.