If I understand the OP’s question, I think it was settled pretty thoroughly by one of the most famous experiments in physics, namely the Michelson-Morley experiment in 1887. It was one that eventually put Einstein on the track of the Theory of Relativity.
Just trying to deepen my understanding of this counter-intuitive theory. Any responses would be greatly appreciated.
Let’s say a square room has lightbulb right in the middle of the roof. If the light is turned on, the light travels out from the bulb and hits all 4 walls at the same time.
Now, let’s say this square room is hurtling along at 0.5 times the speed of light. the lightbulb is switched on. The observer in the room would still see the light touch all 4 walls at the same time.
If my understanding of this theory is correct, would a “stationery observer” watching this room flying past, see the light from the bulb hit the wall behind it first, and it front of it last? (The “front” wall being the wall in the direction the room is traveling). Is that right?
The short answer to the barn and pole paradox is that something’s going to break (most likely either the pole or the back door of the barn). The question is just whether it breaks before or after you get the front door closed, and that depends on the reference frame. But either way, no matter what frame you’re in, something ends up broken.