I’ve come to the conclusion, the Federation is a dystopian empire:
So Data is granted personhood in “The Measure of Man”. The fact that a decorated officer would have to fight for personhood in the first place is fucked up.
Now fast forward a year later. Data makes a “child”. Again, Starfleet steps in to claim authority of said child.
In another episode, Data is ordered to keep mum about the secret wormhole aliens. An order the captain himself would not remember giving Data.
Later, when the crew is wondering why Data is acting so weird, Picard threatens Data that Starfleet will “strip him down to the wires” if he isn’t forthcoming.
And then there’s Odo. Odo finds an offspring. He begins to nurture and teach it. Sisko then threatens Odo: “If you don’t start showing results soon. It will get sent of to Starfleet.”
Also, human genetic experimentation is illegal except when Starfleet does it and Dr. Pulaski has to step in to keep the genetically enhanced humans from (unintentionally) killing regular humans (with old age).
There’s probably more I’m not remembering.