I am trying to figure out how to ask this question - and whether it is even worth asking. Skip to the bottom for an attempt at a TL,DR summary.
Quantum Physics = introduced the need for probability theory at a quantum level based on the Wave Field nature of sub-atomic particles, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, etc. Einstein’s famous “God does not play dice” comment is in reference to the probabilistic / relativistic nature of the universe called for by quantum mechanics - he argued that there is an “absolute something” underlying the universe - not a bunch of probabilistic particles that all seem to prop each other up into existence relative to one another.
Big Data - where the Information Age is at, evolutionarily. The ability to source and filter huge volumes of data to reach “probabilistically true” facts. This stuff is being used to forecast elections, search for terrorists, figure out which products and services should get ad space on our searches, etc. We are seeing a HUGE layer of Big Data growing underneath our online presence - and soon we will not be able to imagine life without it, no different than clean water, cheap fire, sliced bread, etc.
So - probability theory / statistics are central to how Reality, i.e. the universe, is structured, and also how our Reality will be structured as we become increasingly immersed in our online selves.
My question: is this probabilistic approach reflected in philosophy and/or religions - or will our conception of the world change?
Philosophy - I know from a philosophical standpoint, probability plays out in arguing about Determinism, Cause and Effect and other issues related to what Can be Known, i.e., Epistemology.
Religion - what I came up with was Zen-based relativistic Dualism - i.e., you can’t know Good without the existence of Evil.
How am I doing here - is there something to be discussed, or am I just allowing my head to be blown unnecessarily?
TL, DR: It feels like Quantum Mechanics, and this new Big Data world are not just changing how we can answer questions - but also what questions we can imagine to ask. How is that going to change our view of the Universe and our place in it?