I’ve been doing a bit of reading here and there, and have come across some references to three amendments to the U.S. Constitution which were bandied about, but never actually introduced in the Congress. Each of them, if they had been enacted, would have become the 13th Amendment.
I wonder if anyone can point me to a source that would give me the texts for these alternate universe “13th Amendment(s).”
First, a draft amendment around 1804 that President Jefferson was thinking about, to ratify the purchase of the Lousiana territory. At the time, there was a respectable body of thought that questioned whether the U.S. Constitution authorised the purchase. Jefferson apparently toyed with the idea of a constitutional amendment to settle the issue, but ultimately concluded he didn’t need it. I don’t think it ever got introduced into either House of Congress.
Second, an amendment dealing with the prohibition of titles of nobility, considered around 1815, that would have gone farther in some way than the provision in Article II, s. 10, which only prohibited states from granting titles of nobility. This one may have been introduced in Congress. (Note - this phantom amendment pops up from time to time on “patriot” websites, so it may just be a myth.)
Third, an amendment proposed as a last ditch effort to prevent the secession of the southern states, which would have expressly guaranteed slavery as a contitutional right. I don’t think this one was introduced in Congress. (Note - if such an amendment was seriously proposed, it would have clear implications for the “what caused the Civil War” debate. Please, if you want to natter on about that yet again, start a thread in GD. I’m just interested in the facts that answer my question.)
So, were all or some of these myths, or was there actually some consideration for them? And if they actually were considered, where could I find the texts of the proposals?