Random thought time, These happen to be food, but could be anything. And may not be well known outside of Asian communities. These are some of mine from Hawaii.
Saimin - ramen. Originally a combination of Japanese ramen broth and the eggier heavier Chinese noodle (mein). But local saimin varies from thin light noodles to the heavier Chinese style noodles. I don’t remember seeing any Japanese ramen restaurants until the '80’s and certainly not any gourmet shops.
Cracked seed / crack seed - pronounced crack seed without the d. Chinese preserved fruits that can be sweet or savory, with the seed or without (seedless). While cracked seed is the name for all types of these preserved fruits, there is cracked seed, which is a preserved plum that’s smashed, cracking the seed inside into 1/8" to 1/4" bits. It’s eaten whole, but takes practice to separate the flesh from the tiny bits of seed.
Shave ice / Ice shave - Different from snow cones in that the ice isn’t crushed, but shaved by shave ice machines. If you can crunch the ice, it’s not shave ice! Unlike cracked seed, it’s never shaved ice. It’s always shave ice or if you’re from Hilo, Hawaii, ice shave.
Pear = avocado - This may not be unique to Hawaii, but avocados were always called pears during my youth. People had pear trees, but it was always understood that it mean avocado trees. The name’s origin is obviously from the shape.