Please move this to another forum if there is a more appropriate one, but I was looking for a factual answer, and was not sure where this would fit.
I was having an argument with a friend about this, and it was difficult for me to convey exactly the point I was making. Worldwide fame, since a range must be established, though I’m sure it will probably represent the notoriety in either the US or Europe. I contested that no comic book character is better known to people than Superman, with Batman being a close second, and probably Spider-man in third. They argued that because of the movies, Iron Man and Captain America would be the best known.
To be clear, I’m not curious who is the most popular, I’m sure that is a more fluid number than strictly “known”. It is easy to measure popularity by different counts (childrens’ Halloween costumes, box-office sales, comic sales), but I want to know actual awareness, like the Family Feud question would be “Name a comic book character” and everyone in the world was polled.
I’m sure that the existence of the new movies have surged worldwide popularity of a number of comic book characters that had less mainstream exposure, but I want to know if someone could surpass Superman on that list. Twenty years ago, if someone knew who Iron Man was, it was fairly safe to assume that they or someone close to them was a comic book reader.
I also accept the possibility that Superman is the most known in my mind because of my age. I was born in '82, and the Reeve Superman movies were in the height of their popularity when I was a child. So a second thought, was Superman more popular after the Reeve movies, or was he already so popular from the old b&w TV show that the movies were preaching to the choir?
I’ve tried looking for this online, but I got tired of sifting through popularity polls. Anyone who could give their insight would be hugely appreciated.
There’s obviously no way to get a factual answer to this question, unless you can poll all 7+ billion people on the planet, but I find it hard to fathom that the answer can be anything other than Superman.
Reported for a move to Cafe Society, because you’re unlikely to get a purely factual answer and you’re unlikely to be able to define a comic book character.
How about Mickey Mouse? He was (and still is) in comic books and probably one of the most recognized characters on the planet. I like Snoopy as well, but no way does he have the reach of Mickey Mouse.
For superheros, Superman is almost surely the most iconic and recognizable worldwide. The recent Marvel movies, while influential and profitable, haven’t made the cultural impact that 70 years of Superman.
From the contents of your post, I’m assuming that by “comic book character” you actually mean “American superhero character” (otherwise the answer is probably Donald Duck). Unfortunately I have never seen any references comparing polling of name recognition of different superheroes across different countries, but from what I’ve seen in the academic literature, Spider-man and Batman seem to be referenced more often in non-Western contexts, perhaps because Superman is seen as being somewhat of a nationalist American symbol. I know that both of the characters have had locally-produced comics in overseas markets; e.g., Japan had a 60’s manga adaptation of Batman (a sampling of which is available in English translation under the title Bat-Manga!: The Secret History of Batman in Japan - very worth looking at just for the brain-breakingness) and a 70’s manga adaptation of Spider-man.
Unfortunately I don’t know of much that has looked at the influence of the recent movies on the other superhero characters.
(If you are also interested in non-American superheroes, based on what I know of geographic reach of the TV show / movies / comics in various translations, I’d place a small bet on Tetsuwan Atom, AKA Astro Boy being #1 overall).
I’m not sure I’d say “surely” about Superman, given that Batman’s comic debuted only one year later – and is, AFAICT, currently outselling Superman’s, along with everyone else’s – and the character has managed to headline billion-dollar blockbusters the way Superman hasn’t; you’ve got everything from the Adam West incarnation to the various animated shows, plus the outings by Michael Keaton and so on.
All very good points. I hadn’t even considered Mickey Mouse or any of the non-Marvel/DC comics.
I did consider Manga, but couldn’t think of any characters that actually had the worldwide impact of the larger Marvel/DC heroes. I did not consider Astro Boy, but I do recall reading somewhere that he was much more popular in many places than he ever got here in the US.
Thank you all for your feedback, this is giving me great points to research more closely.
I agree with you. Though, if it’s a generational thing, I may not be much help, being even older than you. But Superman and Batman have permeated pop culture, whereas I hardly ever hear about Iron Man or Captain America except in the context of the relatively recent movies.
FWIW, to me “comic book character” implies a character who originated in comic books, as Superman and Batman did. That rules out Snoopy (who first appeared in newspaper comic strips) and Mickey Mouse (who first appeared in animated cartoons).
It’s Batman, according to this unscientific survey.
I googled /batman auf/ and /batman avec/, using a second keyword unique to German and French, and the same with Superman, Spidrman and Mickey Mouse, to see how many hits in texts of those languages… The same using сверхчеловек, человек-паук Микки Маус and Бэтмен, for Russian hits.
Batman, French (13 million) and German, (4.2 Million), Russian (11.7 million)
Superman, French (775,000) and German (732m000), Russian (444,000)
Mickey Mouse, French (575,000) and German (669,000) , Russian (4.2 million)
Spiderman, French (687,000) and German (1.2 million), Russian (9.0 million)
Looks like a clear winner for Batman, in all three languages, with Spiderman second.