Although not exactly the same thing you’re looking for, many of the Beatles’s early American albums famously differered from the original British releases. For example, the first American Beatles album, Introducing the Beatles, is practically the same as their first British album, Please Please Me, with the exception that two songs are missing. (The two missing songs would eventually end up replacing two songs that had to be removed from the album due to a legal skirmish with Capitol Records). For that matter, the complete Please Please Me was released in Canada with a new title and cover, Beatlemania with the Beatles.
One famous example of an album that kept the same track listing and cover but gained a new title from the UK to the US is ELO’s self-titled debut album. A representative of the American record company called to see what the title of the album was and wrote down that there was “No answer,” which someone else mistakenly thought was the title rather than a statement.