Shapebits do not always have an unshifting shape. The shapebit used to tell of looseness in English, for showdeal, has two shapes: a and an.
The shape a is used before words beginning with a withsound and the shape an before words beginning with a callrune. The manifold shapes of a shapebit are called othershapes.
Another example of othershapely shifting is found in the utterway of the morely shapebit -s in the following words: cats, dogs, fishes.
Whereas the morely is uttered as /s/ in the first deal, it is thingmade as /z/ in the next, and /@z/ in the third. Here again, picking out of the meet othershape hinges on ringkenly facts. We will look at thinner threads of this happening in bookpart 6.
Beginning learners can be puzzled by the shifts in spelling that happen in some shapewise layouts even when there is no likewise shift in utterway. Thus, the last e in the word ride is lost when it comes together with a shapebit beginning with a callrune (rid-ing). It goes without saying that these spelling shifts do not do anything to the self of a shapebit, and should simply be left aside when doing shapekenly upbreaking.
1.2 Showing Word Framework
So as to show the inward framework of words, one has not only to name each of the shapebits that make them up but also to split up these threads by what they give to the meaning and work of the bigger word.
Roots and Onjoinings
Togetherknit words most often are made up of a root and one or more onjoinings. The root shapebit makes up the heart of the wordand carries the biggest chunk of its meaning. Roots most often belong to a wordbookly ilk - name (N), saying (V), onthrown (A), or forestead §. These ilks will be talked about in thinner threads in bookpart 5, bit 1.1. For now it is enough to see that names most often talk about true and make-believe “things” while sayings most often mean doings, onthrowns most often name ways of being, and foresteads show stead-kinships. Mostly, names can be with the (the cow), sayings with will (will go), and onthrowns with mighty (mighty kind).
Unlike roots, onjoinings do not belong to a wordbookly ilk, and are always bound shapebits. A straightforward showing of this split is found in the word teacher, which is made up of the root “teach” and the onjoining “-er”, a bound shapebit that mingles with the root and gives a name with the meaning “one who teaches”. The inward framework of this word can be shown in a drawing.
These drawings, which are often called tree frameworks, show the threads of a word’s inward layout. Where these threads are of no bearing to what is being thought about, it is the folkway to use a much easier way of showing that gives out only where the shapebit edges are: un-kind, like-ly, and so on.
(same wellspring as the earlier onsticking)