I have seen it happen, and what’s more, it cost me an award.
When I was league bowling, the ABA-sanctioned leagues would give prizes for certain events; among these was certain scratch scores – 225, 250, and 275 IIRC. I think they had a ring for a 300 game and lapel pins/certificates for the others.
Tenth frame (having left the ninth frame open), pincount 212. First ball looks perfectly in the pocket but it isn’t; I leave 6-10 standing. So now I’ve got 220 and an easy spare pickup, which will give me the third ball in the tenth frame and an easy 225+ game.
I throw a nice easy ball right down the lane. The ball hits the six pin on its side and slams directly into the ten. I had actually turned away from the lane and so I didn’t see it, but the rest of my team gasped, spit out beer, pointed, yelled, and so I turn around to see a pin upright on the other side of the lane, about where the 7 pin would have been.
Apparently the six pin skittered across the lane, hit the wall, bounced, and landed upright in its new spot.
So I marked 221 and got no snazzy lapel pin.