# Intelligence test (as if!!)

10 questions. I’ll give you a week to get them all right, before posting answers. Good luck

A man is standing in front of a painting of a man, and he tells us the following: “Brothers and sisters have I none, but this man’s father is my fathers son”. Who’s on the painting?

His father
He himself
His son

It is dark in my bedroom and I want to get two socks of the same color from my drawer, which contains 24 red and 24 blue socks. How many socks do I have to take from the drawer to get at least two socks of the same color?

2
3
24
47
48
Imagine you are on an island called Texel, with inhabitants that look the same from the outside, but differ from inside (their truthfulness). We distinguish the following types:
Knights, who always tell the truth.
Knaves, who never tell the truth.
Normals, who sometimes tell the truth and sometimes lie.
Assume you meet one of these inhabitants, and he tells you: “I’m no Knight”. Then, of what type is inhabitant?

Knight
Knave
Normal
Indeterminable
A hunter leaves his cabin early in the morning and walks one mile due south. Here he sees a bear and starts chasing it for one mile due east before he is able to shoot the bear. After shooting the bear, he drags it one mile due north back to his cabin where he started that morning. What color is the bear?

Black
Brown
White
Gray

A certain street contains 100 buildings. They are numbered from 1 to 100. How many 9’s are used in these numbers?

10
11
19
20

In a city called Veldhoven the following facts are true:
No two inhabitants have exactly the same number of hairs.
No inhabitant has exactly 40360 hairs.
There are more inhabitants than there are hairs on the head of any one inhabitant.
What is the largest possible number of inhabitants of Veldhoven?

0
40359
40360
40361
Consider two cans, the first containing one liter of milk and the second containing one liter of water. Suppose you take one cup of milk out of the first can and pour it into the second can. After mixing you take one cup of the mixture from the second can and pour it back into the first can. Which one of the following statements holds now?

There is more water in the first can than milk in the second can.
There is less water in the first can than milk in the second can.
There is as much water in the first can as there is milk in the second can.
None of the previous statements holds.
One day Alice meets the Lion and the Unicorn in the Forest of Forgetfulness. She knows that the Lion lies on Mondays, Tuesdays, and Wednesdays, and tells the truth on the other days of the week. The Unicorn, on the other hand, lies on Thursdays, Fridays, and Saturdays, but tells the truth on the other days of the week. Now they make the following statements to Alice:
Lion: Yesterday was one of my lying days.
Unicorn: Yesterday was one of my lying days too.
What day is it?

Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
A Cretan named Epimenides once said to a fellow Cretan: “All Cretans are liars”. Assuming that a liar always lies and someone who is not a liar always tells the truth, which of the following statements is true?

Epimenides is a liar.
Epimenides is not a liar.
It is indeterminable whether Epimenides is a liar or not.
Recall the island Texel with its inhabitants: Knights (who always tell the truth), Knaves (who always lie) and Normals (who sometimes lie and sometimes tell the truth). On this island, a man and a woman may only marry in case they are both Normal, or one of them is a Knight and the other one is a Knave. Now you meet Mr. and Mrs. A who tell you the following:
Mr. A: “My wife is not normal”
Mrs. A: “My husband is not normal”
What types of persons are Mr. and Mrs. A?

They are both Normal.
Mr. A is a Knight and Mrs. A is a Knave.
Mr. A is a Knave and Mrs. A is a Knight.
Indeterminable

[list=A][li]son[/li][li]3[/li][li]Indeterminate[/li][li]white[/li][li]11[/li][li]Indeterminate (for Veldhoven, though not a listed option)[/li][li]less water in first than milk in second[/li][li]Monday[/li][li]He’s a liar[/li]both Norms[/list]

Oof! I retract my answer for “F”.

1. Son
2. 3
3. Normal
4. White
5. 20
6. 40360
7. Same amount in each
8. Thursday
9. Indeterminable
10.Both Normal

I did really bad on the last quiz, but maybe these are right.

Jim

i got:

1. son
2. 47
3. normal
4. grey
5. 19
6. 40359
7. much milk in 2 as water in 1
8. sunday
9. liar
10. both normal
1. Son
2. 3
3. Normal. If he were a knave, he’d be telling the truth and if he were a knight, he’d be lying
4. Brown. It’s been dragged along the ground for a mile
5. 20
1. They all might be bald
6. Less water in first than milk in second
7. Thursday
8. Indeterminable
9. Both normal

Here’s mine:

1. son
2. 3
3. normal
4. brown
5. 20
6. 40359
7. There is less water in the first can than milk in the second can.
8. Thursday
9. indeterminable
10. both normal

what I got:

a: son
b: 3
c: normal
d: white
e: 20
f: 40360
g: less H[sub]2[/sub]O in the milk than milk in the H[sub]2[/sub]O
h: thursday
i: he is a liar
j: both are normal

Oof again.

Okay, you’ve convinced me. “Normal” is correct for 3.

But as for 4, well, he didn’t drag it across the ground, but across an ice cap. So it’s still white.

And as for 6, the question was, “What is the largest possible number”? (Emphasis mine).

1/ Son
2/ 3
3/ Normal
4/ White
5/ 19
6/ 40360
7/ There is more water in the first can than milk in the second can
8/ Thursday
9/ It is indeterminable whether Epimenides is a liar or not
10/ They are both Normal

1. White (North Pole)

Oh darn! Duh! I guess I really wasn’t the first to answer the bear question. I’m gonna get back under my rock now. [sub]See ya[/sub]

1. the son
2. 3
3. normal
4. brown
5. 19
6. 40359
7. more water in the second than milk in the first
8. Thursday
9. indeterminable
10. normal

yikes! change my #5 (answer:19) to a 20…

For the following: What’s the whole story?
101. Cleo is lying dead on the living room floor amid water and broken glass. Tom is asleep in the bedroom.
102. A man kisses his wife as he leaves for work in the morning. After he drives for a while he suddenly turns around, comes back, and shoots his wife dead.
103. A hotel guest hasn’t been heard from in a week. Finally security guards use a passkey and open his door, and find him dead, hanging from the living room chandelier. There are no chairs in the room, and a small stain on the floor below him. The police rule it a suicide.
BONUS:
104. “A woman in North Carolina can murder her husband in cold blood before a dozen witnesses, and sign a confession of her guilt, yet she cannot be punished or even tried for the murder.” (from an actual ruling by a judge in Tennessee)

Ya got me dougie…NO idea!

1. Because she has already been convicted of murdering him
• Cleo is a goldfish, the water and glass are from the broken bowl, and Tom (the cat or dog, heard both versions) broke the bowl, killing the fish.
1. Lemme think on this one a bit more.

2. The stain is from a block of ice tall enough for the man to stand on. The man put the noose around his neck, stood on the ice, and as it melted, eventually his feet no longer touched the ice and the man strangled to death.

3. Not sure. The woman was an actress in a play? Perhaps something went horribly wrong in the scene.

Question 1
A man is standing in front of a painting of a man, and he tells us the following: “Brothers and sisters have I none, but this man’s father is my fathers son”. Who’s on the painting?

The Solution: His son

An Explanation
We can replace “my fathers son” by “myself” since he is the only child. Now remains: “This man’s father is myself”, so this man is his son.

back to index
Question 2
It is dark in my bedroom and I want to get two socks of the same color from my drawer, which contains 24 red and 24 blue socks. How many socks do I have to take from the drawer to get at least two socks of the same color?

The Solution: 3

An Explanation
It is clear that taking 0, 1, or 2 socks is not sufficient. But if you take 3 socks, then either the first and second sock you take have the same color, or the third sock you take from the drawer has the same color as one of the previous two.

back to index
Question 3
Imagine you are on an island called Texel, with inhabitants that look the same from the outside, but differ from inside (their truthfulness). We distinguish the following types:
Knights, who always tell the truth.
Knaves, who never tell the truth.
Normals, who sometimes tell the truth and sometimes lie.
Assume you meet one of these inhabitants, and he tells you: “I’m no Knight”. Then, of what type is inhabitant?

The Solution: Normal

An Explanation
A Knight cannot make the statement “I’m no Knight”, since this would be a lie and a Knight always tells the truth. A Knave could also not make the statement, since that would be a true statement, and a Knave never tells the truth. A Normal however can say “I’m no Knight”. It’s true, and Normals sometimes tell the truth.

back to index
Question 4
A hunter leaves his cabin early in the morning and walks one mile due south. Here he sees a bear and starts chasing it for one mile due east before he is able to shoot the bear. After shooting the bear, he drags it one mile due north back to his cabin where he started that morning. What color is the bear?

The Solution: White

An Explanation
He can walk one mile due south, then one mile due east and finally one mile due north where he finds his cabin again. This means that his cabin can only be at the north pole, and for that reason the bear will be white.

back to index
Question 5
A certain street contains 100 buildings. They are numbered from 1 to 100. How many 9’s are used in these numbers?

The Solution: 20

An Explanation
Just count the nines in the numbers: 9, 19, 29, 39, 49, 59, 69, 79, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99.
Watch out: 99 contains two nines!

back to index
Question 6
In a city called Veldhoven the following facts are true:
No two inhabitants have exactly the same number of hairs.
No inhabitant has exactly 40360 hairs.
There are more inhabitants than there are hairs on the head of any one inhabitant.
What is the largest possible number of inhabitants of Veldhoven?

The Solution: 40360

An Explanation
To prove that the largest possible number of inhabitants of Veldhoven is 40360, we first prove that Veldhoven can have 40360 inhabitants, and secondy that Veldhoven cannot have a larger number of inhabitants.
Assume that Veldhoven has 40360 inhabitants, and that the inhabitants are numbered from 0 up to 40359. Further, assume that the number of hairs of each inhabitant is equal to his/her number. Then all three mentioned facts about Veldhoven are true. So it is possible that Veldhoven has 40360 inhabitants.

Now assume that Veldhoven has more than 40360 inhabitants. Number them again from 0 onwards. And assume that the number of hairs of each inhabitant is equal to his/her number, except for inhabitant 40360 (because of the second fact). Now, whatever number of hairs this inhabitant 40360 has, it always violates either the first or the third fact. So Veldhoven cannot have more than 40360 inhabitants.

back to index

Question 7
Consider two cans, the first containing one liter of milk and the second containing one liter of water. Suppose you take one cup of milk out of the first can and pour it into the second can. After mixing you take one cup of the mixture from the second can and pour it back into the first can. Which one of the following statements holds now?

The Solution: There is as much water in the first can as there is milk in the second can.

An Explanation
In the end, both cans contain again one liter of liquid each. So the amount of milk that is replaced by water in the first can (which is somewhat less than one cup!) equals the amount of water that is replaced by milk in the second can (it is just an equal exchange).
For those who still don’t believe we have also a mathematical proof:

Let the cup have contents c.
We start with 1 liter of milk and 1 liter of water:
first can: second can:
1 milk 0 milk
0 water 1 water
We take one cup of milk, pour it into the second can, and mix it. The result is:
first can: second can:
1-c milk c milk
0 water 1 water
The concentration of milk in the second can is c/(1+c); the concentration of water in the second can is 1/(1+c). We now take one cup of the mixture in the second can and pour it back into the first can. This cup contains c x c/(1+c) milk and c x 1/(1+c) water. The result is:
first can: second can:
1-c + (c x c/(1+c)) = 1/(1+c) milk c - (c x c/(1+c)) = c/(1+c) milk
0 + (c x 1/(1+c)) = c/(1+c) water 1 - (c x 1/(1+c)) = 1/(1+c) water
So now there is as much water in the first can as there is milk in the second can.

back to index
Question 8
One day Alice meets the Lion and the Unicorn in the Forest of Forgetfulness. She knows that the Lion lies on Mondays, Tuesdays, and Wednesdays, and tells the truth on the other days of the week. The Unicorn, on the other hand, lies on Thursdays, Fridays, and Saturdays, but tells the truth on the other days of the week. Now they make the following statements to Alice:
Lion: Yesterday was one of my lying days.
Unicorn: Yesterday was one of my lying days too.
What day is it?

The Solution: Thursday

An Explanation
The only days the Lion can say that he lied on the previous day are Mondays and Thursdays. The only days the Unicorn can say this, are Thursdays and Sundays. Therefore, the only day they both say that is on Thursday.

back to index
Question 9
A Cretan named Epimenides once said to a fellow Cretan: “All Cretans are liars”. Assuming that a liar always lies and someone who is not a liar always tells the truth, which of the following statements is true?

The Solution: Epimenides is a liar.

An Explanation
Assume that Epimenides is not a liar. Then he always tells the truth, and hence his statement ‘All Cretans are liars’ is true. From this, it follows that Epimenides is a liar (since he is a Cretan), which contradicts with the assumption that Epimenides is not a liar.
We conclude that Epimenides is a liar. Therefore, the statement he made is false. This means that not all Cretans are liars, i.e., there must be at least one Cretan who is not a liar. Given the fact that Epimenides is not the only Cretan (he spoke to a fellow Cretan), this does not give any further contradictions.
Final conclusion: the Cretan Epimenides is a liar and at least one other Cretan is not a liar.

back to index
Question 10
Recall the island Texel with its inhabitants: Knights (who always tell the truth), Knaves (who always lie) and Normals (who sometimes lie and sometimes tell the truth). On this island, a man and a woman may only marry in case they are both Normal, or one of them is a Knight and the other one is a Knave. Now you meet Mr. and Mrs. A who tell you the following:
Mr. A: “My wife is not normal”
Mrs. A: “My husband is not normal”
What types of persons are Mr. and Mrs. A?

The Solution: They are both Normal.

An Explanation
Assume Mr. A is a Knight and Mrs. A is a Knave. Then both tell the truth, which is impossible since Mrs. A should always lie. Assume Mr. A is a Knave and Mrs. A is a Knight. Then again both tell the truth, which is impossible since now Mr. A should always lie. The only remaining possibility is that both Mr. A and Mrs. A are Normal.