Saudi Arabia's flag

Does anyone know what does the arabic script mean in the Saudi Arabian flag?

لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول ال
la ilaha illa llahu muhammadun rasulu llah
“There is no god but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God”

From here.

The script on the flag is written in the Thuluth script. It is the shahada or Islamic declaration of faith:

Question on Arabic script.

2 minutes later, not just an answer, but also a repro of the script, a version in English script, and some background.

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As stated, it is Declaration of Faith. As a result it is hardly Saudi Arabia’s flag at all. It is the flag of God, or at least of Islam.

The flag never flies at half-mast BTW.

Not to mention, that particular phrase is said all the time IRL. I am by no means muslim, but even I know it by heart - I was surprised to see that a flag I had never looked at before in my life had a ver familiar phrase on it.

As I understand it, the sword of Ibn Saud is what distinguishes the national flag of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from the more generally Islamic flag with just the declaration on a green background.

Don’t forget, if you’re trying to match up Arabic letters to the English transliteration, that Arabic reads right to left rather than left to right.

Pleonast, You might want to mention something about the vowels, too.