They cause such damage because they are synthetic and those who take them fall into the more is better vicious cycle. Taking too much throws your body out of whack and can cause damage. Your natural testosterone is regulated by your own body. Taking synthetics is not easily regulated by your body. If too much is taken for too long it shuts down your bodies ability to regulate itself.
Steroids have proven to work in two areas. Anti-catabolic, or the prevention of muscle break down after a workout, and muscle cell hydration. I forget the term but basically it keeps your muscle cells hydrated.
What they don’t do is strenthen your ligaments or connective tissue. If a bodybuilder works out in a normal routine than that is not a worry. Large muscle mass without strong joints leads to continual injury.
The WWF and WCW wrestlers don’t appear to be taking too much steroids/testosterone/growth hormone if any. I haven’t watched enough to be sure. Look for things like acne, large guts (inspite of washboard abs) and large forehead. The large gut should not be confused with bodyfat or beer belly. Look at a bodybuilding magazine and you will almost always see a picture of a bodybuilder with a large gut while having less than 8% bodyfat. I think leathery skin is an indicater but that can be chalked up to too much time in the tan booth also. There are other visual indicators but I don’t recall right now.
As far as legality I don’t care if they are legal or not. I wont’ take steroids/testosterone/growth hormone I tried Androstenidione, the same stuff Mark McGuire, uses or used. The short time I was on it it made me feel weird and made hair grow in funny places. Steroids are more powerful so I don’t want that. There a better alternatives.
If you are getting into bodybuilding I suggest the natural route first. If not the only route. And always see a doctor. He might be against bodybuilding in general but he can tell you if you’re fit (healthy) enough to handle it. Use proper techniques for weightlifting and proper routines. Learn proper bodybuilding diet and rest. Protien intake should be 1.5 - 2 grams per lb. of bodywieght. Don’t eat too much protein as that can be worse than not getting enough. And eat quality stuff.
If that works or not then you can try things like creatine and HMB. (I’m not holding a gun to your head you don’t have to try anything) In spite of the bad press creatine is fine as long as you keep yourself hydrated. Check out junkscience.com and put ‘creatine’ in the search and read all of the articles. Creatine acts as a muscle fuel allowing longer and harder workouts. It also hydrates your muscle cells. HMB acts as an anti-catabolic.
There is too much that needs to be said than can be put in a single post. Educate yourself. I suggest if anyone is interested in steroids to stay away. If you’re interested in bodybuilding there are healthy alternatives.