Today in History

November 14, 1889: Pioneering female journalist Nellie Bly (aka Elizabeth Cochrane) begins a successful attempt to travel around the world in less than 80 days. She completes the trip in 72 days.

November 14, 1972: The Jones Industrial Average closed above the 1,000 level for the first time.

November 15, 1968: The Cleveland Transit System becomes the first transit system in the western hemisphere to provide direct rapid transit service from a city’s downtown to its major airport.

A popular bumper sticker in the city at the time: MUCK FODELL.

November 16, 1938: LSD is first synthesized by Albert Hofmann from ergotamine at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel.

November 17, 1968: Viewers of the Raiders–Jets football game are denied the opportunity to watch its exciting finish when NBC broadcasts the movie Heidi instead, prompting changes to sports broadcasting in the U.S.

November 18, 2003: The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court rules 4–3 in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health that the state’s ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional, and gives the state legislature 180 days to change the law, making Massachusetts the first state in the United States to grant marriage rights to same-sex couples.

November 19, 1998: The U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against President Bill Clinton.

November 20, 1947: Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, who becomes the Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey in London.

… post to break the streak…

November 20, 1968: The Farmington Mine Disaster. 78 miners are killed in West Virginia.

November 21, 1877: Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph.

November 21, 1980: 87 are killed and hundreds are injured in the Las Vegas MGM Grand hotel fire.

November 22, 1987: Two Chicago television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom.

November 23, 1924: Edwin Hubble’s discovery, that the Andromeda “nebula” is actually another island galaxy far outside of our own Milky Way, is first published in The New York Times.

November 24, 1859: Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species.

November 25, 1963: The body of President John F. Kennedy was laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery; his widow, Jacqueline, lighted an eternal flame at the gravesite.

November 25, 1915: Albert Einstein presents the field equations of general relativity to the Prussian Academy of Sciences.

November 26, 1778: In the Hawaiian Islands, Captain James Cook becomes the first European to visit Maui.

November 27, 1978: San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and City Supervisor Harvey Milk, a gay-rights activist, were shot to death inside City Hall by former supervisor Dan White. (White served five years for manslaughter; he took his own life in October 1985).