This is something I’ve wondered about in the context of historical fiction and fantasy*– presumably people have known about the boost from excitement/anger/fear pretty much forever. But the name “adrenaline” only dates back to the beginning of the twentieth century. So there must have been some other name for it from before.
*I’ve seen the term “adrenaline rush” used in several fantasy stories. Stories with pre-industrial settings– there is no way anyone there would know a “hormone” as anything but the noise a prostitute makes. I know it’s “translation convention”, but I find it jarring all the same.