In cartoons of the 1930s (and possibly also the 1940s), I’ve heard the soundtrack use these four notes to represent a car horn: ceGe (in abc notation). The four notes can be heard at the 2:38 mark in this 1938 cartoon:
My questions are:
Does this tune have a name?
Was the real-life horn that made this tune typically installed in just any old car, or only in special vehicles (eg, taxis, buses, etc.)?
In these various cartoons, is there some kind of joke intended by the musical quotation of this particular car horn (eg, referencing some old radio jingle)? Or does it just musically signify “car” or “car horn” without any humorous reference?
My best guess is that this type of horn was used only in the most expensive luxury cars–so the “musical joke” would be to play that tune whenever an old jalopy/wreck appeared onscreen.
Any information any of you may have regarding this tune/horn would be greatly appreciated.
Thanks for the info (and the cool vintage ad!) but it wasn’t the Gabriel Horn, because that didn’t play its various notes sequentially. It played them all at the same time. The effect can be heard here, at the 1:56 mark:
One issue that I think is confusing many is that the 4 note musical horn (actually 3 as the re is repeated) you are likely referring to is in the video at the 3:38 mark, not 2:38.
If that is the one, in cartoon production it has the name of “Musical horn” or “Car Horn - Musical ‘re-mi-do-re’” Type.
It is possible that the toontown people made fun of the Sparton trumpet musical horn off 20s-30s some seller sources claim that it was a horn added to the Packard Cadillac model T, but others point at the Spartan horn as being customizable and bought as a separate kit to add to your old jalopy and pretend it was a “Studebaker” sound. (Maybe the toon creators made fun of one of their producer’s customized horn)
You’re right, the horn does play at the 3:38 mark…but the same sequence of notes can also be heard at the 2:38 mark, played as part of the music on the soundtrack. I indicated the earlier instance because the sequence of notes is played repeatedly and can be heard clearly. In the later instance, the first three notes are clear, but the last note is delayed and not as obvious (unless you’re already familiar with the tune and are anticipating it). I was concerned that folks here would either fail to hear the final note, or think it was a separate sound. Hence, the earlier mark.
Your excellent information about the Sparton horn reinforces my theory that the “joke” was to contrast the luxury car horn with the image of an old, dilapidated jalopy. Thanks!
@Fortyfold, I agree, I don’t think it was standard equipment. In fact, your 1929 song has the lyrics: “Thirty five bucks! / I’m glad I saved my dough to buy one” – ie, the horn was an expensive customization ($610 in 2022 US dollars).
It’s probably not the horn you’re looking for, but Austrian buses use a four note horn. They blow the horn when approaching a blind curve on alpine roads, to make motorists approaching from the other direction aware of presence.
The bus in the video is a design dating from 1937 (I can’t read German but I assume from the description the actual bus in the video is a 1949 model), but I am pretty sure modern buses in Austria still use that four note horn.