It is understood that Congress has the power to legislate, upon the jurisdiction assigned to it by the Constitution, in any manner convenient and necessary to accomplish the desired policy just as long as that does not contravene the explicit mandates or restrictions of the Constitution itself (including of course the binding interpretations thereof made by the Courts).
The Federal Constitution does** NOT ** contain the provision, present in those of many of the States and associated Territories, that “all bills except those pertaining to the budget shall attend but one subject, to be abstracted in a summary title, and may not be amended or appended in matters not germane to that subject”. Therefore Congress may pass multipurpose packaged bills if that’s what it takes to legislate.
BTW, regarding 2lazy2pee’s comment on the line-item veto – the line-item veto, in most States and Territories that have that legal procedure, applies to the striking of specific items containing appropriations. It does NOT grant governors the power to veto specific parts of policy texts.
AN ACT TO EXPAND THE NUMBER OF LOCATIONS AND SCOPE OF SERVICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PORK AND APPROPRIATE FUNDS FOR SUCH PURPOSES:
Section 1. Starting the upcoming fiscal year, there shall be a service office of the Department of Pork in every municipal seat larger than 50,000 population, or at least one in every legislative district.
Section 2. Branch offices of the Department of Pork may be opened in any other location where the Secretary determines a need exists.
Section 3. The Department of Pork shall expand its services to include not only locations of pet projects in the several districts, but relocation of key personnel from district offices to the capitol offices of the legislators.
Section 4. There shall be an additional $1million budgeted to the Department of Pork to cover for hiring new personnel and renting space to accomplish this.
Section 5. There shall also be the following appropriations for various Department of Pork statewide programs for expenses related to this expansion:
a) $500K for planning and programming
b) $250K for public relations
c) $200K for snacks
d) $2.5M for legal fees
My governor can (a) veto/pass the whole megillah; or, (b) completely strike all of Section 4 or Section 5 or any item(s) within Section 5; or (c) cut all or any of the money amounts in Sections 4 and 5 to a lower amount. He could not strike Section 1, 2 or 3 individually: the most he could do is starve the budget so they can’t be put in place. The reason for this is that the Exec is responsible for not going over budget, but he does not have the constitutional authority to rewrite statute at will.