I was having a discussion with an acquaintance about the current state of Arab-Israeli relations, and he remarked that Jews and Arabs had been fighting each other for thousands of years. This struck me as unlikely, given that the State of Israel has only existed since 1948, the culmination of the modern Zionist movement lead by Theodore Hertzl beginning in 1896. But prior to 1896, the Jewish population of Palestine was only about 47,000 out of a total population of 500,000. cite
What was the relationship between the Jews and Arabs of Palestine prior to 1896? Have they been at each other’s throats for thousands of years, or is this a relatively modern development?